Golf is a popular sport requiring specific precision, technique, and equipment. One of the essential pieces of equipment in golf is the golf club. 

Golf clubs come in various shapes, sizes, and materials, each designed for a specific purpose on the course. 

In this article, we will explore the different golf club types and uses to help you understand which ones are best suited for your game.


What is a Golf Club? 

What is a Golf Club?

A golf club is a club that is used to hit the ball in a game of golf. It has three main components.

  • The grip
  • Shaft
  • Head.

The grip is where the player holds onto the club, the shaft is the long part that connects the grip to the head, and the head is where you make contact with the ball.

Types of Golf Clubs

Types of Golf Clubs

Woods Golf clubs 

Woods are a type of golf club typically used for long-distance shots. They have a large, rounded head of wood or composite materials such as titanium. 

Historically, woods were made from actual wood, hence their name, but now most modern clubs use lightweight metallic alloys. Woods are numbered from 1-5, with lower numbers representing longer distance shots

Features of Wood Golf Club

  • Large, rounded head made of wood or composite materials.
  •  Historically made of wood, now mostly metallic alloys are used.
  • Numbered from 1-5, with lower numbers representing longer distance shots.


Irons are another golf club commonly used for shorter-distance shots and accuracy. They have smaller and flatter heads than wood and are usually numbered from 3-9. 

The higher the number, the more loft or angle on the club’s face, which helps to control the ball better.

Types of Golf Clubs Iron 

 The following are the different types of golf club irons.

  1. Short irons (7-9): Used for shots closer to the green, with lower numbers being used for shorter distances.
  2. Mid irons (4-6): Used for medium-length shots.
  3. Long irons (1-3): Used for longer distance shots, can be difficult to hit for beginner golfers. 

Features of Iron Golf Club 

  • Smaller and flatter head compared to woods.
  • Numbered from 3-9.
  • A higher number = more loft/angle on the club face for better control.


Wedges are specialized irons designed for shots requiring high loft and accuracy, such as bunker shots or short approach shots. 

They have the shortest golf club shafts of any golf club and are usually numbered from 46-64 degrees. The higher the degree, the more lofty the club faces. 

Features of Wedges Golf Club

  • Designed for high loft and accuracy.
  • The shortest shafts of any golf club.
  • Numbered from 46-64 degrees.
  • A higher degree = more loft on the club face.


Putters are used for short, precise shots on or near the green. They have flat, low-profile heads that roll the ball smoothly across the grass. 

Putters come in various shapes and sizes, with some specifically designed for specific cutting techniques.

Features of Putters Golf Club 

  • Used for short, precise shots on or near the green.
  • Flat, low-profile heads.
  • Designed to roll the ball smoothly across the grass. 
  • They come in various shapes and sizes.

Hybrid Golf Club

A hybrid golf club combines irons and woods, providing the best features of both clubs. They have a more giant head and longer shaft than irons, making them easier to hit for distance shots. 

The shape of hybrids also allows for better stability and forgiveness on off-center hits.

Features of Hybrid Golf Club 

  • Combination of irons and woods. 
  • Giant head and longer shaft than the irons.
  • It is more straightforward to hit for distance shots. 
  • Better stability and forgiveness on off-center hits.
  • Versatile and can be used for various shots on the course.

Hybrids are an excellent choice for players looking to improve their long game. They are handy for hitting shots from rough or brutal lies and shots that require more distance than iron can provide. 

Fairway Woods

Fairway woods are designed for longer shots from the fairway, rough, or off the tee. They have a giant head and a shallower face than irons, making it easier to launch the ball high in the air.

Fairway Woods comes in different sizes and lofts, allowing golfers to choose the right club for their needs.

Features of Fairway Woods

  • Designed for longer shots.
  • Giant head and shallower face for higher launch. 
  • It can be used from different lies on the course.
  • Available in various sizes and lofts.

Sand Wedge Golf Club

The sand wedge is an essential club in a golfer’s bag. Its loft is approximately 54-56 degrees, making it ideal for getting out of bunkers and hitting shots around the green. 

The sand wedge has a wider sole and more bounce than other irons, providing better stability and preventing the club from digging into the sand.

Features of Sand Wedge Golf Club 

  • Designed explicitly for bunker shots and shots around the green.
  • Loft of 54-56 degrees for high trajectory.
  • Broader sole and more bounce for better stability.
  • Prevents digging in the sand.

Driver Golf Club

The driver is one of the most important clubs in a golfer’s bag. It has the most extended shaft and oversized clubhead, making it ideal for hitting long shots off the tee. 

The driver is designed to launch the ball high and far, giving players more distance and accuracy on their drives.

Features of Driver Golf Club 

  • Most extended shafts and most oversized club heads. 
  • Ideal for hitting long shots off the tee.
  • Designed for high launch and maximum distance.
  • Provides more accuracy on drives. 

How do I Choose a Golf Club?

How do I Choose a Golf Club

Choosing the right golf club can significantly impact your overall performance on the course. Knowing which club is best for you can be overwhelming, with many options available. Here are some tips to help you choose the right golf club.

  1. Assess Your Skills: Consider your skill level and playing style before choosing a golf club. If you’re a beginner, opt for more forgiving clubs with larger clubheads to help with off-center shots. 
  2. Determine Your Budget: Golf clubs can range from affordable to expensive. Set a budget before shopping for clubs to avoid overspending and focus on finding quality options within your price range.
  3. Try Before You Buy: It’s essential to test different clubs before purchasing. Most golf stores have a hitting bay or simulator where you can try out clubs and get a feel for their performance.
  4. Consider Your Course Conditions: The type of course you play should also influence your club selection. 
  5. Think About Club Adjustability: Some modern golf clubs offer adjustability options, allowing you to change the loft, lie angle, and weight distribution for personalized performance.
  6. Use Professional Fitting Services: While purchasing the latest and greatest golf clubs on the market may be tempting, it’s important to remember that not all clubs suit every player. Professional club fitting services can help determine the best clubs for your swing and playing style, considering height, and grip size and they have all kinds of accessories. 
  7. Don’t Forget About the Grip: The grip is often overlooked when purchasing new clubs but is a critical component of your golf game. 
  8. Look for Adjustability: Many newer golf clubs offer adjustable features such as loft, lie angle, and weight distribution. These options allow you to fine-tune your clubs to fit your specific needs, making them more versatile on the course.


Understanding the various types of golf clubs is essential for any golfer looking to improve their game. From drivers to putters, each club serves a unique purpose and can significantly impact your performance on the course. 

Carts & Parts stands ready to assist you in exploring the world of golf clubs, offering a comprehensive range of services to cater to your golf cart needs. Whether seeking the perfect club or optimizing your golf cart, Carts & Parts provides hassle-free financing options and customization services.

For further inquiries about golf club exploration and golf cart maintenance or service, contact Carts & Parts at (937) 459-8891.